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17 Mayıs 2015 Pazar

The Turks in the Seventh Century






 "At that time we must remember, there was hardly such a thing as a town in Anglo-Saxon England...." H.G.Wells






"It becomes fairly evident that in the fifth and sixth centuries A.D. not merely Persia, but the regions that are now Turkestan and Afghanistan were far more advanced in civilization than were the French and English of that time. The obscurity of the history of these regions has been lifted in the last two decades, and a very considerable literature written in languages of the Turkish group has been discovered. These extant manuscripts date from the seventh century onward." - page 628

"Yuan Chwang’s account of Samarkand is of a large and prosperous city, “a great commercial entrepôt, the country about it very fertile, abounding in trees and flowers and yielding many fine horses. Its inhabitants were skilful craftsmen, smart and energetic.” At that time we must remember there was hardly such a thing as a town in Anglo-Saxon England." - page 646




Buddhist named Yuan Chwang started out from Singan, Tai-tsung’s capital, upon a great journey to India. He was away sixteen years, he returned in 645, and he wrote an account of his travels which is treasured as a Chinese classic. One or two points about his experiences are to be noted here because they contribute to our general review of the state of the world in the seventh century A.D.

Yuan Chwang was as eager for marvels and as credulous as Herodotus, and without the latter writer’s fine sense of history; he could never pass a monument or ruin without learning some fabulous story about it; Chinese ideas of the dignity of literature perhaps prevented him from telling us much detail of how he travelled, who were his attendants, how he was lodged, or what he ate and how he paid his expenses—details precious to the historian; nevertheless, he gives us a series of illuminating flashes upon China, Central Asia, and India in the period now under consideration.

His journey was an enormous one. He went and came back by way of the Pamirs. He went by the northern route, crossing the desert of Gobi, passing along the southern slopes of the Thien Shan, skirting the great deep blue lake of Issik Kul, and so to Tashkend and Samarkand, and then more or less in the footsteps of Alexander the Great southward to the Khyber Pass and Peshawur. He returned by the southern route, crossing the Pamirs from Afghanistan to Kashgar, and so along the line of retreat the Yueh Chi had followed in the reverse direction seven centuries before, and by Yarkand, along the slopes of the Kuen Lun to rejoin his former route near the desert end of the Great Wall. Each route involved some hard mountaineering. His journeyings in India are untraceable; he was there fourteen years, and he went all over the peninsula from Nepal to Ceylon.

At that time there was an imperial edict forbidding foreign travel, so that Yuan Chwang started from Singan like an escaping criminal. There was a pursuit to prevent him carrying out his project. How he bought a lean red-coloured horse that knew the desert paths from a strange grey-beard, how he dodged a frontier guard-house with the help of a “foreign person” who made him a bridge of brushwood lower down the river, how he crossed the desert guided by the bones of men and cattle, how he saw a mirage, and how twice he narrowly escaped being shot by arrows when he was getting water near the watch-towers on the desert track, the reader will find in the Life. He lost his way in the desert of Gobi, and for four nights and five days he had no water; when he was in the mountains among the glaciers, twelve of his party were frozen to death. All this is in the Life; he tells little of it in his own account of his travels.

He shows us the Turks, this new development of the Hun tradition, in possession not only of what is now Turkestan, but all along the northern route. He mentions many cities and considerable cultivation. He is entertained by various rulers, allies of or more or less nominally tributaries to China, and among others by the Khan of the Turks, a magnificent person in green satin, with his long hair tied with silk.

“The gold embroidery of this grand tent shone with a dazzling splendour; the ministers of the presence in attendance sat on mats in long rows on either side all dressed in magnificent brocade robes, while the rest of the retinue on duty stood behind. You saw that although it was a case of a frontier ruler, yet there was an air of distinction and elegance. The Khan came out from his tent about thirty paces to meet Yuan Chwang, who, after a courteous greeting, entered the tent.... After a short interval envoys from China and Kao-chang were admitted and presented their despatches and credentials, which the Khan perused. He was much elated, and caused the envoys to be seated; then he ordered wine and music for himself and them and grape-syrup for the pilgrim. Hereupon all pledged each other, and the filling and draining of the winecups made a din and bustle, while the mingled music of various instruments rose loud: although the airs were the popular strains of foreigners, yet they pleased the senses and exhilarated the mental faculties. 

After a little, piles of roasted beef and mutton were served for the others, and lawful food, such as cakes, milk, candy, honey, and grapes, for the pilgrim. After the entertainment, grape-syrup was again served, and the Khan invited Yuan Chwang to improve the occasion, whereupon the pilgrim expounded the doctrines of the ‘ten virtues,’ compassion for animal life, and the paramitas and emancipation. The Khan, raising his hands, bowed, and gladly believed and accepted the teaching.”

Yuan Chwang’s account of Samarkand is of a large and prosperous city, “a great commercial entrepôt, the country about it very fertile, abounding in trees and flowers and yielding many fine horses. Its inhabitants were skilful craftsmen, smart and energetic.”


from: 
H.G.Wells - THE OUTLINE OF HISTORY, book vı,1920
"On Yuan Chwang's Travels in India, 629-645 A.D." (B.602, D.664)






629-645. Xuan Zang (Hsuan-tsang). Chinese Buddhist monk and translator traveling across the Tarim basin via the northern route, Turfan, Kucha, Tashkent, Samarkand, Bactria, then over the Kindu Kush to India. Returned via the southern route. He spent his remaining life translating sutras into Chinese. .His travel and story became fantastic legends which were used in plays and novels, such as Wu Ch'eng-en's famous novel in the 16th century, Journey to the West. more to read:






NOTE:

"At the time when the Orkhon Monuments were erected, French and German nation was not formed." - Prof.Dr. Ahmet Taşağıl (Turcologist, historian)


Thus we can also add English nation to that, because Anglo-Saxons has emigrated to England in the 5th c AD....and they had interactions in culture and blood with the Turks. That's why we see many Turkish words in English, and some cultural artifacts, customs and traditions.


SB



* * *




"Şunu hatırlatalım ki o tarihler itibarıyla, böylesi uygarlaşmış kentlere Anglo-Sakson İngiltere'sinden 
rastlamak mümkün değildir." H.G.Wells



H.G.Wells, Yuan Chwang adlı Budist gezginin *MS.45 yılında Hindistan'a uzanan gezisindeki izlenimlerinden hareketle şöyle bir saptamada bulunur;

"Gezici bizlere sadece Türkistan diye bilinen yerlerdeki Türkleri değil ve fakat Kuzey Yolu olarak anılan bölgelerdeki Türkleri de tanıtmakta...Buralardaki birçok kentlerden ve bakımlı yerlerden söz etmekte...Gezicinin anlatışına göre Semerkant büyük ve refah içinde bir kent...Ahalisi son derece uygar...Şunu hatırlatalım ki o tarihler itibarıyla böylesi uygarlaşmış kentlere Anglo-Sakson İngiltere'sinden rastlamak mümkün değildir."


E.Aydın, Nasıl Müslüman Olduk?,s274 ; o da
İ.Arsel, Teokratik Devlet Anlayışından Demokratik Devlet Anlayışına, s94 alıntılamış...


* İlhan Arsel'in kitabında geçen ve Erdoğan Aydın'ın da aynen alıntıladığı tarih MS.45 , yazım hatası olmalı, çünkü Chwang kitabını MS.645'te yazmıştır. Chwang ya da Hsüan-tsang (Xuanzang) ın kitabının adı "On Yuan Chwang's Travels in India, 629-645 A.D." dır, ki doğumu y.602, ölümüde 664'tür. Galiba orjinal kitaba bakmak ve bu hatayı düzeltmek kimsenin aklına gelmemiş.


Prof.Dr.Ahmet Taşağıl hocanın da dediği gibi ; "Orhun Anıtlarının dikildiği çağda, Alman veya Fransız diye bir millet oluşmamıştı". Buna İngiltere'yi de ekleyebiliriz, çünkü Anglo-Saksonlar MS.5.yy'da İngiltere'ye göçmüştür ve göçmeden önce Hun gibi diğer Türk kavimleriyle de kültürel etkileşime girmiştir.

SB.









Yuan Chwang'ın Kaan ile tanışması: Hacı, Su-she su şehrinde av seferinde olan Turk Sh'eh-hu Kaan'ı ile karşılaşıyor. Bize söylendiği ordu ekipmanı çok büyük. Kaan yeşil saten bir elbise giyiyor, saçları on ayak uzunluğunda ve serbest, beyaz ipek bir band alnından arkaya dökülüyor. Bakanları ise, yaklaşık 200 kadar, hepsi işlemeli elbiseleri ve örgülü/kıvrımlı saçları ile sağında ve solunda duruyor. Diğer askerleri kürk, şayak (verev dokunmuş dayanaklı bir cins kumaş) ve ince yün elbiseleriyle, mızrakları, alemleri ve yayları ile sırayla duruyor. Suvarileri deve ve atlarıyla uzakta bacaklarını geriyor....



Kitapta adı geçen Sh-eh-hu Kaan'ın 635 de ölen Batı Türk Kaanlarından To-lu 'nun bir akrabası olduğunu söylüyor. Ye-hu olarak başka yerlerde de geçiyormuş, ama Sheh-hu olarak okunması gerektiği belirtiliyor.

To-lu dediği, 632-634 yılları arasında Batı Türk (Göktürk) Kağanlığını yöneten, Bağatur Kağan'ın oğlu Bağaşa Tuğluk Kağan olabilir mi? Sheh-hu Kağan kim bulamadım.








SAÇLAR / HAiRS


Etruscan


A drawing of Taşbaba (Tashbaba-Stonefather)

Turkish Taşbaba with his oath cup, dagger and long hair.
These "stonefathers" are used on graves, represents the brave fearless Turkish warrior or leader.

You can see it everywhere , from the Altai , Central Asia, to Europe....
from the Scythian Turks period (even earlier) till 15th c...

Ancestor of the gravestones....


Kars Province; 19th c AD;  Turkish Gravestones







Delilah gets Samson to tell her the secret of his strength: 
"My hair has never been cut," he says. "From the time that I was born, ..."
I wonder where the myth of Samson and Delilah comes from... ;)





Under Attila (reigned 434-453 CE) the Huns became the most powerful, and most feared, military force in Europe. After Attila's death, however, his sons fought each other for supremacy, squandered their resources, and the empire which Attila had built fell apart by 469 CE

According to the Roman historian Priscus of Panium, the men of the army had cut their long hair and slashed their cheeks, so that the greatest of all warriors should be mourned not with tears or the wailing of women but with the blood of men. (is a expression of mourning in Turkish culture)

The Huns are descended of the Scythians and were the same people as the Xiongnu and they are Turkish of nation. Most of the scholars don't mention the word Turk on purpose!





ilgili:










THE TURKS
_____________
_____________




















12 Mayıs 2015 Salı

Celts or Galatians





the Hellens called them Celt, while the Romans called Galatians, lived in France, Central Europe and İberia peninsula, which was also once a land of the proto Turkish tribes.

For example, Tartaros, Tarrakon, Turdetan, Turdul, Cordoba and Asta in Spain, is only to explain in Turkish language. Tar / Tur is the root word for Turk and Tarrakon is nothing but Tarkan in Turkish, some scholars says that Tarrakon means "Land of the Turks" because kon means perch (Tarkandemos with Hittites and also to see in Etruscan civilization).

Cordoba meaning is "emberlowland" (Cor=Kor ; Oba=Ova ; and there are more; Osson-oba ; Mean-oba ; On-oba (which is Ten-ova) and Asta comes from As Turks (there is also a Turkish-Kazakh capital city Astana in Centra Asia) .

Or the Basques, they speak non-indo-european language, because their language is earlier Turkish, Turkish people in the Caucausia can understand them. Even with blood, the gene project show us that R is the Turkish genom, and had two sons R1a and R1b, and today's Europe have %51 Turkish roots.

Galatians (one of the Celtic tribes) came in the 3th c BC, over the Balkans and Macedonia to Anatolia, and settled in these lands were the Phrygians lived before (which they say, that the Phyrgians are a tribe of Scythians; Gordium is to explain with Gordugum-Kördüğüm in Turkish, blind knotted; Midas as Muşki Mita (Muşki is Kashka in Hittite inscriptions / Kaşka Scythian Turkish tribe) and god Sabasioz as Sabar / Sibir / Savar / Suvar Turks).

They had never interaction with the Hittites or their culture, by the time when the Celts invated the land the Hittites was gone. The earliest civilizations in Anatolia before and after the Hittites are to explain with linguistic and archeaological excavations as proto Turks. Pelasgians ,Trojans (Turuva-Tur+ova), Hattians (actually who built Hattuşa, later invated by the Hittites (their real name is Nesli)) are Turkish tribes. On the otherhand, they had interaction with earlier Turkish civilizations in İberia peninsula and Scythians in Europe. That's why they have some Turkish words in their language.(Scythian language was Turkish)

We have to remember that in 3000 BC, there was a civilization in the Middle East as Turukku, the scholars who did found that in Assyrian tablets, never mention it, because it is a Turkish civilization. Scholars, all over the world, did know and write that "tur and tar" belong to the Turkish nation. Thus, we can say with complacency, that the Turks never came for the first time in the 11th c AD from Central Asia to Anatolia, No, Anatolia was always a home for us.

That's why we say : " The Turks stopped the crusades and especially when the Ottomans "invaded" ((is the look of one way, because there was also many Turkish tribes in Europe before their time, like the Huns, Avars, Pechenegs, Cumans, Kipchaks, Bulgarians, Khazars)) Europe, the Turks was the enemy and became a hostility behavior, and the history was deliberately hidden!" They changed everything, the Turks didn't even exists for these "scholars!". But, kurgan culture, domestication of the horses, saddle, yogurt, mythological stories, culture, military system, alphabet, writing system, language and more...was invented by the proto Turks.



SB









History of R1b Haplogroup from Central Asia to Europe, 
Anatole A. Klyosov.



“After haplogroup R1 arose about 23,000 years ago, and its downstream R1b arose in Central Asia 16,000 ago, the latter had migrated across North Kazakhstan (including the later Botai archaeological culture, 6500-5500 ybp), through the territory of the present-day Bashkirs (13-11-8 thousand ybp), established Seroglazovo archaeological culture (13-11 thousand ybp) and then Middle Volga Basin archaeological cultures (Middle Volga culture 8-7 thousand ybp; Samar culture 7 thousand ybp; Sredny Stog culture 7500-5500 ybp; Khvalyn culture 7 thousand ybp, Kama culture 7-5 thousand ybp), that is the cultures (tentatively) named “Pre-Kurgan cultures”; the subclade R1b1a2-M269 arose around 7,000 ybp, and then around 6,500 ybp arose R1b1a2-L23.

Around 6,500-6,000 ybp, and possibly earlier both of them came to the Caucasus region. Those R1b1b spoke non-Indo-European language(s), now they can be vaguely traced under various names. Some call them Proto-Türkic language, some call them Sino-Caucasian language, Paleo-Eurasian language, Erbin language (because of R1b haplogroup of their bearers), Western or North-Western Caucasian languages; some call them Vasconic language and find some similarities between the Caucasian and Basque languages, etc.

In fact, those similarities do exist, albeit in a rather weak form because thousand of years passed since then. Still now most of R1b1a2 haplotypes in the Caucasus (in Armenia, Dagestan, Georgia) belong to the ancient L23 subclade (with common ancestor in the Caucasus of around 6,000 ybp), and have a characteristic DYS393=12 allele, unlike DYS393=13 in most of European R1b1b2 haplotypes.

From the Caucasus, R1b1a2-L23 and R1b1a2-M269 bearers went South over the mountains, to Anatolia (a common ancestor of 6,000 ybp), and then split into three major routes. One went further South, to Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, and became the Sumers. Many present-day Assyrians, descendants of ancient Sumers, still have their R1b1a2 haplotypes. Another went westward, across Asia Minor, and came to Europe, to the Balkans and Mediterranean Sea region around 4500 ybp. The third group went across Northern Africa and Egypt (and incidentally, might have left some R1b1b2 Pharaohs there) to the Atlantic and went across Gibraltar to the Iberian Peninsula around 4800 ybp. They became the Bell Beakers, and moved up North into the continental Europe. The Bell Beaker culture in Europe had lasted between about 4400 and 3800 ybp.

Apparently, the R1b1a2 bearers came to the Pyrenees as mainly L51/M412 and/or L11/L151/P310 subclades, and soon split there into U106 and P312 downstream subclades, which went to the continental Europe as said Bell Beakers with downstream subclades such as U198, U152, L2, L20, L4, L21, M222, L226 SRY2627, etc. They left the Basques behind, who still maintain the ancient R1b language, similar in kind with some Caucasian languages and with the Sumer language, and with some elements of Proto-Turkic languages ascending back to Asia and further to Siberia.

Until the beginning of the 1st millennium BC, the R1b1a2 language in Europe was predominantly (or only) non-Indo-European (non-IE). There is not a single solid evidence of otherwise, that R1b1a2 in Europe spoke an IE language before the 1st millennium BC. For instance, linguists place the Celtic language and “Proto-Celtic” language not earlier than 800-900 BC, and all more earlier placements are typically groundless.”



starting on page 1131: pdf:







* * *



"And in Türkic, it means “Arrivals, Newcomers” and the like, obvious exonym given by 
Türkic populace to the new arrivals.
They are "Türkic-lingual": kelt - is an abbreviated form of the (Türkic) word keldi 
, even in the modern Kazakh language we say kelt instead of keldi"



The Celtic ethnonyms are amazing. They are "Türkic-lingual": kelt - is an abbreviated form of the (Türkic) word keldi (even in the modern Kazakh language we say kelt instead of keldi), i.e. appeared, came, wondered over (OTD keldügi arrival, p. 296). That is a most precise definition of the historical destiny of this great nation!

Some parts of this mysterious ethnicity were forced to migrate to the islands of the Foggy Albion, the territory of the modern Great Britain. Not a small part of them remained on the continent. They became known as Gauls, Galatians (Kalds, Kalads). Again, that word is read only in Türkic: gald (kald, kaldi, kaladi) is stayed behind, left behind, would remain, remaining, settled down, settled in. Here again we have a name matching the destiny, history. It is this part of the Celts that remained in what is now northern Italy, France, Spain, Portugal and some parts of Germany. For example, the very same "Spanish" Basques are the descendants of the same Gauls. Again, the word bask (baska) is translated from the Türkic as "foreign", "alien", "aliens".






* * *


So far, not all migrations had been detected and identified, and some archeological cultures appear to be misidentified; the Celtic presence in Europe is dated from as far as 8000 ybp to 2900-2800 ybp. Right there falls the archeological Tumulus Culture, distinguished by the practice of burying dead in kurgan (tumuli) cemeteries; its distinction points to the migration of the Kurgan Culture people ca. 3600 to 3200 ybp. Those nomadic migrants may had created the image of the Celts that is now extended to a larger body of peoples from separate migration waves. The people kindred to the prior migrants who reached Central Europe likely came from numerous directions and at various times, and may have recognized their kinship only in a fraction of encounters, being separated by wide timespans, incompatible routes, and linguistic changes. The very name Celt is a conditional name, fairly recently attributed to a specific families of peoples. Perspectives of this work are huge, they involve genetics and biology at large, archeology, linguistics, history, art, culture, and technology.

Besides the findings of the DNA-genealogy and numerous ethnological parallels with the modern descendents of the Central Asian nomads, two traits attract attention. The Celts are known for their light-hair, a rare trait in the history of humanity. That genetic trait belongs to two easily discriminated populations, the “northern Eurasians” i.e. the Finns of the Y-DNA haplogroup NO-type with a unique mutation, and Papuans/Melanesians of the Y-DNA haplogroup D with a unique ASPM mutation; it is transmitted to the future generations in the directional and restricted genetic exchange, the presence of fair hair and light eyes requires quite specific ancestors.

Apparently, the genes for the light hair and eyes accumulated among the northern Türkic people who coexisted and admixed with Fennic people, along the lines described by T. Chikisheva Anthropology of SW Siberians. The second curious trait is the specific textile shared by the Celtic people with the ancient Tarim population (currently mislabeled “Tocharian”). The Caucasoid remains found in the Altai royal kurgans and in the Tarim basin were all found to be consistent with the modern Uigur or South Siberian Türkic population, and annalistic records depict the Türkic tribes of Tele, Dinlins, Usuns, Saklans, and Kirgiz as fair hair and light eyed. With the Saklans, Saka, and Scythians, the Scots share the anlaut S'k, possibly with the Türkic plural affix “ty”.

The etymology of the names is always a contentious issue. Unless the meaning and the original language of a name are absolutely transparent (Brown means “brown”), the etymologies of the names are and should be questioned. Numerous Celtic names do not have a credible IE etymology, while the Türkic etymology appears straight-forward, feasible, and credible. In places, the Türkic etymology is the only one suggested, with no alternatives. In places Türkic etymologies allow to derive purportedly IE etymology from the Türkic substrate: land, man, son, alms, arch, and many more.

In the paradigm of the IE pra-language, the Celtic languages are prominently absent as reconstruction models, for obvious historical reasons nobody tries to fancy a PIE *proto-word from the Breton language, albeit the canonical PIE diagram squarely puts the Celtic languages equidistant with the Romance and Germanic languages popular among the western linguists. More than that, a reconstruction of the PIE from the Celtic languages would give you a *language that has little in common with the accepted *reconstruction of the *PIE *language. The linguistic Indo-Europeoidness of the Celts is so shallow that it covers no more than a small patch on the surface of the Celtic languages, demonstrated by a sample test in the list from the same source. Not only the roots are the old Türkic roots, but the traces of morphology are also there, the Celtic personal affix -im agglutinated to the root is a form of the same affix -im and -um of the old and new Türkic languages.




"and history is written not by scholars, but by partisans impersonating scholars.!"





by Prof.Murat Arslan







 like the Celt story of Arthur and Excalibur from the 6th c AD. Which was the Story of the Scythians , Alans (As Turks) and Sarmatians (Scythians and Amazons sons/daughters) They Worshipped the Sword God, and Excalibur name comes from Xalub, a Scythian Tribe in North Black Sea region....



link to read









Celtic and Türkic , Barry Cunliffe - link
Celticization from the West: The Contribution of Archaeology


It is obvious, first, that all these forms are allophones, and second, that they are allophones of the endonym, picked up and repeated over and over by alien speakers - Latins, Greeks, and who knows who else. The suggestion that the name is a moniker given by aliens, like Latins, does not hold the water. In Türkic, it means “Arrivals, Newcomers” and the like, obvious exonym given by Türkic populace to the new arrivals.







































9 Mayıs 2015 Cumartesi

TRUVA SAVAŞI BİTTİKTEN SONRA....





ODYSSEUS evine dönmek için yola çıkar.



...Güneye doğru yol alıp Mora yarımadasının ucuna varmak üzereyken, sert bir poyraz fırtınası onu önce Kythera adasına atar. Lotos yiyenlerin ülkesine çıkarlar. Yerliler Odysseus'un arkadaşlarına lotos denilen yemişten yedirir, bu yemiş onlara sılayı unutturur, orada kalmak isterler. Odysseus onları zorla gemiye bindirir.

Kuzeye doğru yol alırlar ve keçilerle dolu bir adaya çıkarlar. Orada et kumanyası yaparlar. Odysseus yanına Oniki yoldaşını alarak, bu adanın biraz ötesinde bulunan Kykloplar, yani Tepegözler iline geçer.

Bir mağaraya girerler, buranın zengin bir mandıra olduğunu görürler. Akşam olunca Tepegöz sürüleriyle döner, mağaranın kapısına kocaman bir kaya dayar ve Odysseus'un arkadaşlarını ikişer ikişer yemeğe koyulur.

Odysseus'un kurnazca düzenleri burada başlar; Tepegöz'ü sarhoş edip, gözünü çıkarır, adının Kimse olduğunu söylediği devin yardım alıp kendisini kovalamasını önler ve mağaradan çıkmak için sürülerin altına girip saklanmayı başarır. Tepegöz elleriyle sürülerini yoklar ama hiçbir insana rastlamaz.

Ama Odysseus , tanrı Poseidon'un amansız öfkesini de üstüne çeker, çünkü Tepegöz tanrının oğludur.




....




KYKLOPES - KYKLOP'LAR


Tepegöz de denilen yaratıklar , tek ve yuvarlar gözlü devlerdir. Yunan mitosunda üç türünden söz edilir.

Gaia ile Uranos'un oğulları göksel Kykloplar, 
Odysseus ile adı geçen Polyhemos gibi Sicilyalı Kykloplar,
Kaynakları Lykia'da bulunan duvarcı Kykloplar.

Birinci türü Hesiodos (MÖ.700) Theogonia'da şöyle söz eder:
Sonra Toprak Kyklopları doğurdu, azgın yürekli,
Brontes'i , Steropes'i ve belalı Arges'i,
ki bunlar vermiştir Zeus'a şimşekleri, yıldırımı...
Her bakımdan tanrıya benziyordu bunlar,
ama bir tek gözleri vardı alınlarında.
Yuvarlak tek gözlerinden geliyordu adları,
zorlu, başarılıydılar hep yaptıklarında.
Uranos'un yeraltına kapattığı bu devleri hemsoyları , Yüzkollularla birlikte yeryüzüne çıkarır ve Titanlara karşı savaşta silah arkadaşı olarak kullanır.
Hades'e görünmez kılan başlığı, Poseidon'a da üç dişli yabayı veren bu devlermiş.


Kykloplar üzerine başka efsaneler de anlatılır:
Apollon, Kykloplara düşman kesilir, çünkü oğlu Asklepios insanları ölümden kurtarıyor diye Zeus'un öfkesine uğrar ve Kyklopların yıldırımıyla öldürülür. Apollo baştanrı Zeus'a el kaldıramadığı için Kyklopları öldürmeye kalkışır. Zeus buna kızar, bir an oğlu Apollon'u Tartaros'a atmayı düşünür, sonra bu kadar ağır bir cezadan vazgeçip onu bir yıl için sığırtmacı olarak Admetos'un yanına yollar.

Bu efsanede Kykloplar ölümsüz tanrılar değil, ölümlü yaratıklar olarak gösterilmiştir.
Sicilyalı Kykloplar olan Polyphemos ise, önce Homeros'un ( MÖ.8.yy ikinci yarısı) Odysseia destanında, sonra da İskenderiye şiirinde sözü geçen yaratıklardır.

Kuzey İtalya ile Sicilya kıyıları ve adalarında yaşarlar. Bu bölgenin yanardağ bölgesi oluşu, oralarda toprak altına kapatılan Tepegözlerin Demircilikle uğraşan birer cin olarak canlandırılmalarına yol açmıştır.

Bunlar Hephaistos'un (Demircilik zanaatı, ateşler tanrısı , Hera'nın kendi başına doğurduğu "çirkin ve sakat" oğlu) işliğinde demir döverler, maden işlerler ve tanrılara silah yaparlar. Tek gözleri ateşin karşısında kor gibi parlar, kraterlerden fışkıran kıvılcımlar onların örsünden fırlayan ateşlerdir, yersarsıntıları ve gürültüleriyle kendilerini belli ederler.

Ama Odysseus destanında bunun tam tersi görülür, Kykloplar hayvancılıkla geçinen, koyun ve keçileri bol olan ağıllarda, mağaralarda yaşayan yamyam devler olarak gösterilir.

Duvarcı Kykloplarsa Anadolu'da, Yunanistan ve Sicilya'da iri taşlarla örülmüş kyklopeen denilen ne kadar sur varsa, hepsinin yapıcıları sayılır.

Bunlar ne cin , ne de tanrıdır, tarih öncesi çağlarda şehir kalelerini yıkılmaz, aşılmaz ve alınmaz duvarlarla çevirmek için efsanelik kralların, önderlerin emrine giren bütün bir ulustur. Öte yandan bu duvarcı Kyklopların Anadolu'nun Lykia bölgesinden gelme oldukları da efsanelerde belirtilir.

Halikarnas Balıkçısı Tepegözlerin Hitit kabartmalarından esinlenerek üretildiğini söyler. Kabartmalarda profilden dev ve tek göz görünümleri, kayaya oyulmuş surlar, iyi birer duvar ustası olmaları.... Efsaneler bu duvarcı devlerin, Anadolu'dan gelme, dağ kayalıklarına mezarları kazmakla ün salmış Lykia'dan gelme olduklarını ayrıca belirtir.


Azra Erat-Mitoloji Sözlüğü





....



GALATEA VE KYKLOP POLYPHEMOS AŞKI


Elli deniz perilerinden Sakin Deniz tanrıçası/Beyaz-Süt anlamına gelen adıyla Kyklop'un dikkatini çeker ve ona süt, peynir ve yabani meyvelerle kur yapar. Ama Galatea sicilyalı Akis'i sever.

Kyklop bunu öğrenince kıskançlık krizine girer ve AKIS'i kayaların altında ezer. Galatea derin bir yasa girer ve AKIS'i bir nehire çevirir.

Bazı hikayelerde ise Galateia'nın Polyphemos ile Galatos'un kızı ve Anadolu'daki Galatların kralı Galatia'nın annesi olduğunu söyler.

Kyklop Polyphemos'un Galatea'yaya yakarışı:
"O, beyaz Galatea, neden sevgimi hiçe sayıyorsun? Peynirden daha beyaz, kuzudan daha yumuşak, büyüyen asmalardan daha ürkek sevgilim...Bu yolu nasıl yürümek istersin? Çok yakında tatlı bir uyku ağır basıp kısa sürede gidince, Gri Kurt'un geldiğini gözlemleyen bir koyun gibi hissediyorum. Annenle ilk kez geldiğinde sana aşık oldum . Bir kez gördüm ve ne o günü nede seni unutamadım, umrumda da değil. Tanrı biliyor ama sen birazcığını bile bilmiyorsun."

Galatea genelde bir deniz canavarı ya da balık kuyruklu bir tanrının üzerinde yan oturan güzel bir kadın olarak betimlenir.






BANA AİT NOTLAR:


- DEMİRCİLİK VE DUVAR USTALIĞI TÜRKLERE MAHSUSTUR. TEPEGÖZ, DEMİRCİ USTASININ KULLANDIĞI KORUYUCU MASKEDEN TÜRETİLMİŞTİR. TRUVANIN DUVARLARI AŞILMAZDIR. ATİNALILAR BİLE, AKROPOLİSİ ÇEVRELEYEN DUVARLARI ÖRDÜRMEK İÇİN PELASGLARI TUTMUŞTUR.

TEPEGÖZ=CYCLOP / KYKLOP DUVARLARI OLARAK TA ADLANDIRILIR. HEPHAİSTOS'UN DEMİRCİ VE ATEŞ TANRISI OLMASI "TÜRK" MİTLERİNDEN DOĞMUŞTUR, ÇÜNKÜ HELEN DEĞİL PELASG HALKINA AİTTİR.

- LİKYALILAR TRUVALILAR İLE AKRABADIR VE GİRİT'TEN KITLIK NEDİYLE GÖÇMÜŞTÜR. GİRİT'TE TE KURT VARDIR. LİKYA'DA KURT KUTSAL HAYVANDIR, LETO BİR DİŞİ KURTTUR, BAZI YERLERDE İSKİT TÜRKLERİ OLAN HYPERBOREANLI DİŞİ BİR KURT TARAFINDAN KORUNDUĞU SÖYLENİR. BÖYLE OLUNCA DA, LETO'NUN HYPERBOREANLI OLDUĞU DA DÜŞÜNEBİLİNİR. BU DA, İSKİT - SAKA TÜRKLERİNDE DİŞİKURT EFSANESİNİN VARLIĞINI KANITLAR.

DİĞER KANIT İSE; HYPERBOREANLI ABARİS APOLLO'NUN RAHİBİDİR VE ABARİS, AVAR TÜRKLERİNİN ADIDIR. APOLLO'NUN LAKABI LYCEUS'TUR, "KURT APOLLO". ETRÜSKLERDE APOLLO APLU DİYE GEÇER. ARTEMİS DE AY VE BEREKET TANRIÇASIDIR.

YANİ, ETRÜSKLERİN DİŞİ KURT EFSANESİ LETO VE İKİZLERİNDEN BAŞKASI DEĞİLDİR. TRUVA SAVAŞINDAN SONRA ETRÜSKLER BU TOPRAKLARDAN İTALYAYA GÖÇMÜŞ VE DİŞİKURT EFSANESİNİ DE GÖTÜRMÜŞTÜR. ETRÜSKLER VE TRUVALILAR AKRABADIR. 2 KERE GÖÇ OLMUŞTUR. MÖ.11 YY VE MÖ.8.YY DA . ATALARI NA DA TURSALAR DENİLİRDİ Kİ KENDİLERİNE RASENA DİYE HİTAP EDERLERDİ. RASENA ASENADAN BAŞKASI DEĞİLDİR. ANADOLUNUN BATISINDA AS TÜRKLERİ VARDIR ODİN DE ZATEN ASAGARD HALKINDADIR, YANİ AS TÜRKLERİDENDİR.

AYRICA TUR VE TAR TÜRKLERİN KÖKEN İSMİDİR. AYNEN İBERYA YARIMADASINDAKİ TARTAROS İLE ANADOLU'NUN BATISINDAKİ TARTAROS (DARDANOS-ÇANAKKALE) BAĞLANTISI GİBİ...TÜRKLERDEKİ TARKAN, HİTİTLERDEKİ TARKANDEMOS VE ETRÜSKLERDEKİ TARQUİN BAĞLANTISI GİBİ...

AYRICA TARHUN HİTİTLERDE YILDIRIM TANRISIDIR VE KÖKENİ HURRİLERE DAYANIR GÖKSEL VE FIRTINLAR TANRISIDIR, HURRİLER TÜRKTÜR. ZEUS ACABA NEREDEN DOĞMUŞTUR ? TABİİ Kİ SABAZİOS'TAN, SÜREKLİ AT SIRTINDA YAŞAYAN GÖÇEBE ATLI, GÖKYÜZÜNDE GEZEN GÖKBABADIR O. BAKKHOİ SABOİ OLARAKTA ANILIR VE HEM DİONYSOS (BACHHUS) HEM DE ZEUS ONDAN TÜREMİŞTİR. SABAN BİR İSKİT TÜRK BOYUDUR VE SAVAR, SUVAR, SİBİR DİĞER ADLARIDIR. SUVAR TÜRKLERİ GÜNEYDOĞU ANADOLU'DAN HER YÖNE GÖÇMÜŞTÜR. SİBİRYA'NIN DA İSİM BABASIDIR. ÇUVAŞLARIN, HUNLARIN ATASIDIR.

YUKARIDAKİ MİTOLOJİDE GEÇEN, AKIS (AKIŞ / NEHİR / AKMAK?) VE TABİİ Kİ "GRİ KURT" SİZE NEYİ HATIRLATIR? SİCİLYA'DA BALBAL VE KURGANLARA RASTLANIR. ETRÜSKLERDEKİ, KORSİKA'DA Kİ TAŞBABALARI DA UNUTMAMAK GEREKİR.

TRUVA KRALI PRİAMOS'UN ATASININ ADI SAKAMANDER'DIR VE ONUN OĞLU TEUCER TRUVAYI KURMUŞTUR. PRİAMOS'UN YEĞENİN ADI DA TEUCER DIR VE BU ADIN TARKU DEN GELDİĞİ VARSAYILIR. YEĞEN TEUCER KIBRISTA SALAMİS'İ KURAR ONUN SOYUNDAN GELENLER DE MERSİN'DEKİ OLBA (ALBA) KENTİNİN KURUCUSUDUR.

TRUVALILAR DA AT KUTSALDIR, SAKAMANDER TANRISINA KURBAN EDERLER, HEKTOR (EKTOR) BİR AT TERBİYECİSİDİR. SAKAMANDER SAKA TÜRKLERİNİN ADINDAN GELİR. TRUVA DA Kİ BAZI TÜMÜLÜSLERDE AT KEMİKLERİNE RASTLANMIŞTIR. VE TRUVALILAR KENDİLERİNE TEUCER DER. TRUVANIN DÜŞMESİYLE HALK DAĞILIR, ODİN VE HALKI DA BUNLARDAN BİRİDİR.

- LİKYALILAR ANAERKİLDİR, AMAZONLUK TÖRESİ İŞLER. AMAZONLAR İSKİTLER İLE KİMMERLERİN KOLUDUR VE PROTO-TÜRKTÜR. SOY ANNEDEN DEVAM EDER, BU ETRÜSKLERDE DE VARDIR. VE LİKYA'NIN ESAS ADI KURTTAN GELİR; LUKİYA (LUKKA, LUKKİ). DİŞİ KURT LETO VE İKİZLERİNİN TAPINIM MERKEZİDİR.

- NE TRUVA'NIN, NE LİKYA'NIN , NE DE HİTİT'İN DİPLOMATİK YAZIŞMALARDA VE DİNSEL TÖRENLERDE KULLANDIĞI HURRİ DİLİ, YUNANCA YA DA HİNT AVRUPA DEĞİLDİR, Kİ HİNT AVRUPA TEORİSİ ÇÖKMÜŞTÜR. HİTİTLER KENDİLERİNE NESİLİ/NESİTE DER, AMA ONLARDAN ÖNCE O BÖLGEDE HATTİLER VARDIR VE KELİMENİN YANLIŞ OKUNMASINDAN DOLAYI NESİLERE HİTİT ADI UYARLANMIŞTIR. HATTİLER TÜRKTÜR VE HİTİTLERİN BAŞKENTİ DİYE ANLATILAN HATTUŞA'YI HATTİLER KURMUŞTUR.

DİLE ÖRNEK : 
ANA/ANNE - TÜRKÇE ; 
AN'NA'AŞ (ANNAŞ) HİTİTÇE 
NİNDA - HİTİTÇE "EKMEK" ; 
NİNDA - SÜMERCE "EKMEK"




Hatta Homeros'un bu hikayeyi doğudan aldığı da söylenir ki bugün tartışma konusudur "Homeros yazmadı bu destanı" diye, Heredot bile Homeros'un bu destanı yazıp yazmadığını sorgular kitabında. Homeros'un yazdıkları günümüze gelmemiştir.

İskenderiye kütüphanesinin 2.müdürü olan Efesli Zenodotus MÖ.3.yy-2.yy'da Homer'in yazdığı düşünülen kitaplarını toparlayıp düzenlediği ve tekrar yazdığı bilinir. Homer'den 600 yıl sonra!!! Kimbilir nasıl bir değişime uğramıştır. Kitapta Vatanını koruyan (H)Ektor yerine Aşil kahraman olarak algılanır....Yunan kültürünün etkisi vardır ve onların mitolojisi ancak MÖ.8.yy'dan sonra oluşmaya başlamıştır. Ayrıca demokratik olmayan Atina'ya da demokrasi MÖ.4.yy dan sonra, Anadolu topraklarından gitmiştir.

Sadece İlyada ya da Odysseia'da değil, Anglo Sakson destanı olan ve 11.yy'da yazıya geçirilen Beawulf'ta Dede Korkut destanlarıyla örtüşür. Arthur ve Excalibur da İskitlerden geçmiştir.

Truva ve Anadolu Türklerin Anayurdu deniliyorsa, Sakaların-İskitlerin Avrupa'da gezindiği, daha sonra ki Hun ve Avar göçüyle de Türklerin varlığı süreklilik arz ediyorsa, Avrupa'daki diğer milletlerle karışmış olmaları ama kültürün devam ettirilmiş olması göz ardı edilemez.

Nasıl ki Bilgimış Herkül (Köroğlu) olduysa, Sümer hayvan masalları Aesop'a mal edildiyse...Masallarımız insanları cezbetmiş ve Türk'ü silmeye çalışanlar bilsinler ki, elleri avuçları bomboş kalır, hiçliği yaşarlar.



EK:

"Whenever a Turanian race exists or existed, there their tombs remain; and from the Pyramids of Egypt to the mausoleum of Hyder Ali, the last Tartar king in India, they form the most remarkable series of monument the world possesses, and all were built by people of Turanian race. No Semite and no Aryan ever built a tomb that could last a century or was worthy to remain so long." - A History of Architecture by J.Fergusson

"The most remarkable series of monuments the world possesses, were built by people of Turanian race...." - Rivers of Life ii - Forlong

"The Turanian races were the first to people the world beyond the limits of the original cradle of mankind, in the valley of the Euphrates before the Semitic or Aryan races came there.
The Turanians were builders; the Semitic races never erected a building worthy of the name. When King Solomon decided to build the Temple at Jerusalem, he lead recourse to Turanians to take the lead in the work." - Moses W.Redding, Illustrated History of Freemasonry



SAYGILAR, SEVGİLER,
SB.





Odysseus, Koç'un altında saklanırken
Delphi Apollo Tapınağı'ndan
Bronz - MÖ.540-530
Archaeological Museum, Delphi










PELASGLARIN ETRÜSKLERİN ATASI OLARAK SAYILMASI. ETRÜSKLERİN DE DEMİRCİ MİLLET OLARAK TANINMASI, ETRÜSKÇENİN DE, PELASG DİLİNİN DE TÜRKÇE OLARAK AÇIKLANABİLMESİ...(LİNK)